Monday, February 8, 2010

Panipat In My View

Panipat was one of the five cities (prasthas) founded by the Pandava brothers during the times of the Mahabharata; its historic name beingPanduprastha. Panipat was the scene of three pivotal battles in Indian history.

The First Battle of Panipat was fought on 21 April 1526 between Ibrahim Lodhi, Sultan of Delhi, and the Timurid warlord Zaheeruddin Babur. Babur's force defeated Ibrahim's much larger force of over one lakh (one hundred thousand) soldiers.

The Second Battle of Panipat was fought on 5 November 1556 between the forces of Akbarand Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, the Hindu King of North India, who had captured the large states of Agra and Delhi defeating Akbar's forces. Hindu king, also known asVikramaditya had won 22 battles against the Afghan rebels from 1553-1556, and had hiscoronation at Purana Quila in Delhi on 7th Oct. 1556 and had established Hindu Raj in North India, before the 2nd battle of Panipat. Akbar and Bairam Khan did not participate in the war and were stationed 16 km from the battle field, with the instructions to run away to Kabul in case of defeat. Hemu had a large army, and initially his forces were on winning spree, but suddenly Hemu was struck by an arrow in the eye and he lost his senses. On not seeing him in his Ohda on the back of elephant, his army fled. He was later captured and beheaded by the Mughals. His head was sent to Kabul to be hanged outside Delhi Darwaza and torsoe was hanged outside Purana Quila in Delhi. Second battle of Panipat, thus ended the 'Hindu Raj' established by Hemu in north India, though for a short duration.

The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in 1761 between the Afghan king Ahmad Shah Abdali and the Marathas under Sadashivrao Bhau ofPune. Ahmad Shah won it but with a very heavy casualty on both sides. The famous Urdu shayar Maulana Hali was born in Panipat.

Panipat is located at 29.39°N 76.97°E[1]. It has an average elevation of 219 metres (718 feet).

Panipat is situated on Shershah Suri Marg (now known as G.T. road or NH-1), 90 KM north of Delhi. On three sides, Panipat district boundaries touch other districts of Haryana - Karnal in the north, Jind in the west and Sonipat in the south. Panipat district borders the state of Uttar Pradesh across Yamuna in the east.

Panipat was a part of district Karnal until 31 October, 1989. It was separated from Karnal, along with another subdivison, the Assandh tehsil. When the district was re-formed on 1 January 1992, the Assandh tehsil was excluded. The newly constructed flyover across the Grand Trunk Road completed in the year 2008 is one of longest flyovers in India.

As of 2001 India census[2], Panipat had a population of 967,449. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Panipat has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 64%. In Panipat, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Panipat is a city of textiles and carpets. It is the biggest centre for quality blankets and carpets in India and has a handloom weavingindustry. The "Achar Pachranga" is a well known Indian pickle produced since 1925. The company was brought to Panipat in 1947 after thepartition of India. Panipat also has heavy industry, with a refinery of the Indian Oil Corporation, a National Thermal Power Corporation power plant and a National Fertilizers Limited plant.

Some salient features of industry in Panipat include:

  • Three major public sector projects: the Indian Oil Corporation oil refinery, the National Fertilizers Limited plant and the thermal power station.
  • Biggest centre in the country for producing shoddy (recycled) yarn, and a large consumer of rags for reprocessing.
  • Biggest centre in the country for producing low priced blankets, a traditional supplier of barrack blankets to the armed forces.
  • Biggest centre in the country engaged in export of cotton durries, made-ups, throws and mats.
  • Samalkha, a small town near Panipat, is known for foundry work and supply of agricultural machinery to neighbouring Uttar Pradesh.
  • Relatively high wages compared to the Indian national average - a worker earns Rs.150/- to 220/- per day on Handloom/ Powerloom.

The main places of attraction are "Panipat Battles Museum", Hemu's 'Samadhi-sthal' and camp site of Babur and Akbar at village Sodhapur, the grave of Ibrahim Lodhi, Kabuli Bagh, Devi Mandir, Kala Amb, Salar Gunj Gate, and the tomb of the thirteenth century sufi saint Bu Ali Shah Qalandar.

'Kala Amb' is a memorial built in memory of the soldiers who died in the 3rd battle of Panipat. It is said that blood of the dead soldiers was mixed with the soil and the fruit of a mango tree became black in color and hence the name "Kala Amb," meaning "Black Mango." Although it is a variety of mango almost at the verge of extinction. This is now a picturesque sight with long plush lawn where people love to sit and gossip on weekends. Now various mega malls have also been built in Panipat, for example Mittal Mega Mall, Cinemax, Prime Angels, Reliance Mega Mart. There is also a flyover that aims to regulate the traffic going towards Delhi, extending from Yamuna Enclave to the end of Panipat NFL.

Schools

  • St. Mary's Convent School, Jyotir Nagar
  • M A S D Public School
  • DPS Panipat City
  • Dr MKK Public School
  • Bal Vikas
  • DAV Thermal Township
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, NFL Township
  • DAV Cent. ,HUDA
  • Arya senior secondry school,G.t.ROAD,PANIPAT
  • PTPS senior secondry school Thermal township

General colleges

  • S D (PG) College
  • I B College
  • Arya College of Randi Bazi(affliated to Chakla)
  • Govt. PG college (NC College of Engineering), Israna
  • Asia pacific institute of information technology(affliated to nowhere)
  • Tau devi lal memorial collage manana.

Engineering colleges & Management Colleges

  • INC (The Icfai National College), G.T.Road, Panipat, A prime destination for MBA Education.
  • N C College of Engineering, Israna (Amar Girdhar's College) NCCE
  • Panipat Institute of Engineering & Technology, Samalkha PIET
  • S.D. Institute of Technology and Management, Israna SDIT
  • N.C.College of Engineering for women, Israna.
  • Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology (APIIT SD INDIA) [1]
  • Sansi Institute of Theft Technology, Vikash Nagar, Panipat
  • Garg Institute of Information Technology Panipat
  • INFORMATION REGARDING ENGINEERING COLLEGES VISIT [2]

Fashion In India

India has a rich and varied textile heritage, where each region of India has its own unique native costume and traditional attire. While traditional clothes are still worn in most of rural India, urban India is changing rapidly, with international fashion trends reflected by the young and glamorous, in the cosmopolitan metros of India. Fashion in India is a vibrant scene, a nascent industry and a colorful and glamorous world where designers and models start new trends every day.

While previously a master weaver was recognized for his skill, today a fashion designer is celebrated for his or her creativity. Young urban Indians can choose from the best of East and West as Indian fashion designers are inspired by both Indian and western styles. This fusion of fashion can be seen on the streets and ramps of the fashionable cities of India. Fashion in India is also beginning to make its mark on the international scene as accessories such as bindis (red dots worn on the forehead), mehendi (designs made by applying henna to the palms of the hands and other parts of the body) and bangles, have gained international popularity, after being worn by fashion icons like the pop singers Madonna and Gwen Stephani.

Fashion in India has become a growing industry with international events such as the India Fashion Week and annual shows by fashion designers in the major cities of India. The victories of a number of Indian beauty queens in International events such as the Miss World and Miss Universe contests have also made Indian models recognized worldwide. Fashion designers such as Ritu Kumar, Ritu Beri, Rohit Bal, Rina Dhaka, Muzaffar Ali, Satya Paul, Abraham and Thakore, Tarun Tahiliani, JJ Valaya and Manish Malhotra are some of the well known fashion designers in India.

Fashion in India covers a whole range of clothing from ornate clothes designed for wedding ceremonies to prĂȘt lines, sports wear and casual wear. Traditional Indian techniques of embroidery such as chikhan, crewel and zardosi, and traditional weaves and fabrics have been used by Indian designers to create Indo-western clothing in a fusion of the best of East and West.

Traditional costumes in India vary widely depending on the climate and natural fibres grown in a region. In the cold northern state of Jammu and Kashmir, people wear a thick loose shirt called a phiran to keep them warm. In the tropical warmth of south India men wear a sarong like garment called the mundu, while women drape 5 meters of cloth around their bodies in the graceful folds of the saree. Sarees are woven in silk, cotton and artificial fibres. Kanjivaram, Mysore, Paithani, Pochampalli, Jamdani, Balucheri, Benarasi, Sambalpuri, Bandhini are some varieties of beautiful sarees from different regions of India. In the dry regions of Rajasthan and Gujarat men wrap and twist a length of cloth in the form of a dhoti around their lower limbs and a shirt-like kurta above. Colorful turbans complete the picture. In the northeastern regions the tribal communities such as Khasis, Nagas, Mizos, Manipuris and Arunachalis wear colorful woven sarong-like clothing and woven shawls that represent the identity of each tribal group. In urban India the salwar kameez and the churidar kameez, are commonly work by women and the saree is worn on formal occasions. Men wear kurtas and pajamas, or a sherwani for formal wear. Western wear such as shirts and trousers are commonly worn by men across India. Jeans, T-shirts, capris, bermudas and various kinds of casual clothing are worn by the young and the young at heart, who are the trendsetters of fashion in India.

Fashion in India is continuously evolving as new designers from leading institutes such as the National Institutes of Fashion Technology continue to redefine the meaning of Fashion in India.

The Day in the life of a typical Indian Boy

The day in the life of a typical Indian boy:


After coming back from school around 3:30 pm, he walks up to his mom and says, “Can I go and play cricket with the boys, please?” He will spend hours in the sun, on the weekends, trying to figure out the various forms of batting, bowling and fielding. He will force his parents to make him train in an Academy. He will do anything to realize his dream of being a cricketer one day. Backed by enthusiastic parents, he will go as far as his interest and love for the game will take him.

But in their admirable haste to ensure their child one day becomes a Tendulkar or a Ganguly, the parents forget there are other sports the child can opt for.

Such has been the scenario since the British left India in 1947. Cricket, cricket, cricket – that’s our National Sport even though people still claim it is football. The number of young cricket trainees has increased by leaps and bounds.

That is thanks to the highly publicized offers from brands to purchase their products and in return get to spend days/months/years training with the top cricketers of the country. Our country rides solely on the shoulders of cricketto bring them glory in the field of sports.

In the recent past, there have been significant achievements in the other Indian sports as well. Abhinav Bindra made us all proud by his wonderful Olympic achievement. Yuki Bhambri followed suit winning the Australian Open for juniors, and weren’t we all pleasantly surprised by Somdev Devvarman’s performance in the Chennai Open? Though he did lose in the end, he was consistent through out the tournament.

Leander Paes, Mahesh Bhupathi, Sania Mirza have been around the game of tennis for a number of years now. Yet there are other hardworking tennis players whom you will have never heard off. Saina Nehwal has shot to fame all thanks to her badminton performance.

Yes, we know the names of these ‘players of other sports’. However, they remain a handful few. In fact you can count them off your fingers. That’s just how much sports have improved in our country.

If you ask anyone to name an Indian footballer: Bhaichung Bhutia is where it begins and ends. The question is why is India in this state? A country that boasts of talent in nearly every field, why is it that the cricketers always stay in the limelight?

The fame, love and stardom always are bestowed on the cricketers who can only rival the likes of film superstars. The new faces who have been loved so much for their grand performances in other sports will be soon forgotten when the IPL or some other form of cricket tournament begins.

“In India, cricket is not a sport – it is a religion,” is an oft quoted line. Religion is not meant to be celebrated in the form of a sport. You may love the game but not to the extent your life and death will begin to depend on it. But that is just how crazy this nation is about cricket.

We have nothing to hold against cricket. It is an enjoyable sport and we love watching it. It is hard to forget that India had won the 1983 World Cup and had made their way to the finals in 2000. Their loss in 2000 ensured rowdy behavior, and the people here acted like complete jackasses for days on end. The status of ‘religion’ given to crickethad taken care of other certain mishaps as well.

One sport overshadowing another isn’t a very good thing. There are billions of Indian men and women who are talented at sports not even recognized here – though they maybe world-famous. Parkour has suddenly gripped students in Kolkata. According to the Wikipedia:

“Parkour (sometimes also abbreviated to PK) or l’art du dĂ©placement (English: the art of movement) is an activity with the aim of moving from one point to another as efficiently and quickly as possible, using principally the abilities of the human body. It is meant to help one overcome obstacles, which can be anything in the surrounding environment—from branches and rocks to rails and concrete walls—and can be practiced in both rural and urban areas. Parkour practitioners are referred to as traceurs, or traceuses for females.”

Founded by David Belle, parkour focuses on practicing efficient movements to develop one’s body and mind to be able to overcome obstacles in an emergency.”

The sport is truly amazing but one wonders if this can beat the cricket fan following. A bunch of school students had started this club, and if they can manage it – it will be full-fledge sports soon. Isn’t this proof enough that we go overboard with cricket? And men’s cricket.

Yes, all these cricket enthusiasts and the ‘cricket is a religion’ are referred to the men’s cricket. Even though there are brilliant women’s cricket teams, nobody wants to watch them. During the cricket awards, if a woman cricketer gets an award the reactions vary from being shocked to downright dismissive. It infuriates me – but this is just the way of the world.

Cricket is free to be a religion here. After all, India is a democratic country. However, what will happen if one day the youth decide not to play cricket anymore. They would like to take up other sports.

Cricket training is business, in one sense. So if no one wants to be a cricketer and wants to experiment, what is going to happen to the cricket training centers? If people are clever enough, they would begin to build Academies centering around other sports as well. No one, I believe, wants to be in for a rude awakening.