The First Battle of Panipat was fought on 21 April 1526 between Ibrahim Lodhi, Sultan of Delhi, and the Timurid warlord Zaheeruddin Babur. Babur's force defeated Ibrahim's much larger force of over one lakh (one hundred thousand) soldiers.
The Second Battle of Panipat was fought on 5 November 1556 between the forces of Akbarand Samrat Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, the Hindu King of North India, who had captured the large states of Agra and Delhi defeating Akbar's forces. Hindu king, also known asVikramaditya had won 22 battles against the Afghan rebels from 1553-1556, and had hiscoronation at Purana Quila in Delhi on 7th Oct. 1556 and had established Hindu Raj in North India, before the 2nd battle of Panipat. Akbar and Bairam Khan did not participate in the war and were stationed 16 km from the battle field, with the instructions to run away to Kabul in case of defeat. Hemu had a large army, and initially his forces were on winning spree, but suddenly Hemu was struck by an arrow in the eye and he lost his senses. On not seeing him in his Ohda on the back of elephant, his army fled. He was later captured and beheaded by the Mughals. His head was sent to Kabul to be hanged outside Delhi Darwaza and torsoe was hanged outside Purana Quila in Delhi. Second battle of Panipat, thus ended the 'Hindu Raj' established by Hemu in north India, though for a short duration.
The Third Battle of Panipat was fought in 1761 between the Afghan king Ahmad Shah Abdali and the Marathas under Sadashivrao Bhau ofPune. Ahmad Shah won it but with a very heavy casualty on both sides. The famous Urdu shayar Maulana Hali was born in Panipat.
Panipat is situated on Shershah Suri Marg (now known as G.T. road or NH-1), 90 KM north of Delhi. On three sides, Panipat district boundaries touch other districts of Haryana - Karnal in the north, Jind in the west and Sonipat in the south. Panipat district borders the state of Uttar Pradesh across Yamuna in the east.
Panipat was a part of district Karnal until 31 October, 1989. It was separated from Karnal, along with another subdivison, the Assandh tehsil. When the district was re-formed on 1 January 1992, the Assandh tehsil was excluded. The newly constructed flyover across the Grand Trunk Road completed in the year 2008 is one of longest flyovers in India.
As of 2001 India census, Panipat had a population of 967,449. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Panipat has an average literacy rate of 69%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 64%. In Panipat, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Panipat is a city of textiles and carpets. It is the biggest centre for quality blankets and carpets in India and has a handloom weavingindustry. The "Achar Pachranga" is a well known Indian pickle produced since 1925. The company was brought to Panipat in 1947 after thepartition of India. Panipat also has heavy industry, with a refinery of the Indian Oil Corporation, a National Thermal Power Corporation power plant and a National Fertilizers Limited plant.
Some salient features of industry in Panipat include:
- Three major public sector projects: the Indian Oil Corporation oil refinery, the National Fertilizers Limited plant and the thermal power station.
- Biggest centre in the country for producing shoddy (recycled) yarn, and a large consumer of rags for reprocessing.
- Biggest centre in the country for producing low priced blankets, a traditional supplier of barrack blankets to the armed forces.
- Biggest centre in the country engaged in export of cotton durries, made-ups, throws and mats.
- Samalkha, a small town near Panipat, is known for foundry work and supply of agricultural machinery to neighbouring Uttar Pradesh.
- Relatively high wages compared to the Indian national average - a worker earns Rs.150/- to 220/- per day on Handloom/ Powerloom.
The main places of attraction are "Panipat Battles Museum", Hemu's 'Samadhi-sthal' and camp site of Babur and Akbar at village Sodhapur, the grave of Ibrahim Lodhi, Kabuli Bagh, Devi Mandir, Kala Amb, Salar Gunj Gate, and the tomb of the thirteenth century sufi saint Bu Ali Shah Qalandar.
'Kala Amb' is a memorial built in memory of the soldiers who died in the 3rd battle of Panipat. It is said that blood of the dead soldiers was mixed with the soil and the fruit of a mango tree became black in color and hence the name "Kala Amb," meaning "Black Mango." Although it is a variety of mango almost at the verge of extinction. This is now a picturesque sight with long plush lawn where people love to sit and gossip on weekends. Now various mega malls have also been built in Panipat, for example Mittal Mega Mall, Cinemax, Prime Angels, Reliance Mega Mart. There is also a flyover that aims to regulate the traffic going towards Delhi, extending from Yamuna Enclave to the end of Panipat NFL.
- St. Mary's Convent School, Jyotir Nagar
- M A S D Public School
- DPS Panipat City
- Dr MKK Public School
- Bal Vikas
- DAV Thermal Township
- Kendriya Vidyalaya, NFL Township
- DAV Cent. ,HUDA
- Arya senior secondry school,G.t.ROAD,PANIPAT
- PTPS senior secondry school Thermal township
- S D (PG) College
- I B College
- Arya College of Randi Bazi(affliated to Chakla)
- Govt. PG college (NC College of Engineering), Israna
- Asia pacific institute of information technology(affliated to nowhere)
- Tau devi lal memorial collage manana.
Engineering colleges & Management Colleges
- INC (The Icfai National College), G.T.Road, Panipat, A prime destination for MBA Education.
- N C College of Engineering, Israna (Amar Girdhar's College) NCCE
- Panipat Institute of Engineering & Technology, Samalkha PIET
- S.D. Institute of Technology and Management, Israna SDIT
- N.C.College of Engineering for women, Israna.
- Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology (APIIT SD INDIA) 
- Sansi Institute of Theft Technology, Vikash Nagar, Panipat
- Garg Institute of Information Technology Panipat
- INFORMATION REGARDING ENGINEERING COLLEGES VISIT